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Lesson Plan

Using a Predictable Text to Teach High-Frequency Words

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Grades K – 2
Lesson Plan Type Standard Lesson
Estimated Time Two 30-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Helen Hoffner, Ed.D.

Helen Hoffner, Ed.D.

Ridley Park, Pennsylvania


International Literacy Association



Featured Resources

From Theory to Practice



As a little boy searches for his cat in Eric Carle's Have You Seen My Cat? he repeatedly asks the titular question only to have to answer "This is not my cat!" when he's met with tigers, lions, and other felines that clearly aren't the boy's cat. This lesson uses Carle's predictable text and a repetitive format to help students learn high-frequency words. Students develop fluency as they participate in a choral reading of the predictable text. After reading the story, students construct sentences using the words found in the predictable text. At the conclusion of the lesson, students have the opportunity to write and illustrate their own stories by creating a stapleless book.

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Stapleless Book: This interactive tool allows students to create their own stories using high-frequency words.

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Johnston, F.R. (1998). The reader, the text, and the task: Learning words in first grade. The Reading Teacher, 51, 666675.

  • The focus of any reading program should be on finding meaning in delightful stories. Children will not be able to construct meaning, however, unless they are able to read the words effortlessly.

  • Word learning can be enhanced by the manner in which a predictable text is used and by the follow-up activities that are employed. In addition to studying words in context, students should also study words in isolation. Words could be placed in a word bank to use for games and frequent review. Sentences from the predictable text could be written on sentence strips and cut apart. Students could then be asked to use those words to rebuild the sentence in sequence.

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