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Lesson Plan

Engaging With Cause-and-Effect Relationships Through Creating Comic Strips

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Engaging With Cause-and-Effect Relationships Through Creating Comic Strips

Grades 2 – 4
Estimated Time Four 60-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Deb Hamilton

Monett, Missouri


International Literacy Association



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From Theory to Practice



In order to fully comprehend reading materials, students need to understand the cause-and-effect relationships that appear in a variety of fiction and nonfiction texts. In this lesson, students learn cause-and-effect relationships through the sharing of a variety of Laura Joffe Numeroff picture books in a Reader's Workshop format. Using online tools or a printed template, students create an original comic strip via the writing prompt, “If you take a (third) grader to….” Students use various kinds of art to illustrate their strip and publish and present their completed piece to peers in a read-aloud format.

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Comic Creator:
Use this interactive tool to help younger students create a basic comic strip.

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Xu S.H., Perkins, R.S., & Zunich, L.O. (2005). Trading cards to comic strips: Popular culture texts and literacy learning in grades K–8. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

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Gunning, T.G. (2004). Comprehension: Text structures and teaching procedures. In T.G. Gunning (Ed.), Creating literacy instruction for all students (p.328). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

  • Readers understand more and retain information better when a text is written in cause-and-effect patterns than they do when a text is written in an enumeration-description frame.

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