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Lesson Plan

Hey Diddle, Diddle! Generating Rhymes for Analogy-Based Phonics Instruction

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Hey Diddle, Diddle! Generating Rhymes for Analogy-Based Phonics Instruction

Grade 1
Lesson Plan Type Standard Lesson
Estimated Time Three 30- to 75-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Gigi Bohm

Racine, Wisconsin


International Literacy Association



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From Theory to Practice



In this lesson, shared reading, guided reading, and small, cooperative-group instruction are used in a first-grade classroom to informally assess students' ability to demonstrate awareness of rhyme or other visual similarities in words. Students practice matching rhyming words using picture cards and apply phonological awareness—hearing rhyme—to analogy-based phonics (i.e., an ability to decode unknown words by identifying words with similar visual structure). Students use online resources to increase phonological awareness through rhyme.

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Interactive Construct-a-Word: Students will use this interactive tool to create rhyming words by adding a beginning consonant to a word ending.

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Murray, B.A., & Lesniak, T. (1999). The letterbox lesson: A hands-on approach for teaching decoding. The Reading Teacher, 52, 644–650.

  • Identifying individual sounds of words, phonemes, in "sound boxes" and noticing that the visual similarity of an ending cluster of letters in known words may help students decode a new word. It may rhyme if the ending cluster is the same visually. Sound boxes will help increase students' visual sensitivity to clusters of phonemes, but they should also be used for more than just initial consonant manipulation in other lessons.

  • Phonemic awareness is increased by helping students identify and manipulate phonemes.

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